Excessive sun exposure, use of contraception, menopause or hormonal imbalance are just a few causes of hyperpigmentation. These, not only look unsightly, but also effectively age the skin adding years to our appearance. Fortunately, there are ways that can help you remove them.
Hyperpigmentation occurs as a result of excessive, local accumulation of melanin. This is a pigment that occurs naturally in the human body. Melanin gives our skin or hair a nice color and also protects us from UV rays. However, if exposure to the sun is too intense then there is an excessive growth of pigment cells (melanocytes), which intensify pigmentation. The abnormally accumulated melanin forms characteristic pigmentation.
Pigmentation changes may also be caused by the use of certain drugs, herbs, diseases, and hormonal changes or disorders. The latter more often affect women. This is because it is related to the activity of female hormones. Therefore, ladies who struggle with polycystic ovaries, inflammatory conditions of the ovaries, adrenal glands or thyroid problems are much more at risk of developing pigmentary changes.
So how to protect yourself against their formation?
First of all, sunscreens should be used, minimum SPF25, and visits to a solarium or too long sun exposures should be avoided, especially in summer between 12 and 14 o’clock, when the sun radiation is the strongest. It is also advisable not to use photosensitive or photosensitizing herbs such as St. John’s wort, chamomile, field horsetail, or nettle. It is important to read the leaflet of medicines, if there is not a provision to avoid excessive tanning during their use.
It is also worth knowing that some cosmetics such as those with retinol or vitamin C can also cause discoloration. The former should be used only in autumn and winter, while the latter only at night.
What to use for existing discoloration?
There is no one universal remedy to effectively fight hyperpigmentation. The fact that a certain product works for some people does not mean that everyone will achieve the same effect. Each complexion is different and the cause of hyperpigmentation may vary. Therefore, the ideal solution may be to visit a specialist who, after getting to know your problems, will help you choose the right treatment and cosmetics.
Below we leave some suggestions of products that are reliable in the fight against hyperpigmentation.